THE INTEGRATION OF ELECTRONIC BOOKS TO REPLACE TEXTBOOKS

Presents, the execution of engineerings in acquisition and instruction had been done in all instruction establishments, non merely in higher instruction but besides in secondary and primary school. This was because the engineering had become an of import demand to all people in developing state like Malaysia.

Technology had developed in all states quickly in order to assist people to make work to be easier, more effectual and in short clip, non merely in day-to-day utilizations, but besides in learning and larning in category. This is because, by utilizing engineering for instruction, it will assist the instructor to reassign better the cognition and information to the pupils, while when the pupils use engineering for acquisition, it will assist the pupils to research and seek to acquire cognition and information by themselves, besides help them to have the cognition and information from instructors better. Tinker asserts that ; “ engineering use forms in schools could alter dramatically from today ‘s occasional usage of simple applications to basically uninterrupted usage of a suite of powerful tools. This could do progresss in acquisition and instruction ” ( n.d. ) .

In fact, Noraini Idris asserts that “ in the age of Information and Communication Technology ( ICT ) , the usage of current engineering is indispensable to heighten the instruction and larning procedure in order to excite the critical and logical thought capablenesss of the pupils. The National Philosophy of Education and Malaysia ‘s Vision 2020 purposes to bring forth a new coevals of Malaysians who are able to believe critically and consistently and who are able to utilize their cognition of mathematics to run into the new challenges in this fast changing universe ” ( n.d. ) .

There are many illustrations of engineering execution in instruction in all states in the universe in order to heighten effectual instruction and acquisition session. For Malaysia itself, get downing of twelvemonth 2002, the Ministry of Education ( MOE ) has given mandate to instructors and pupils in secondary schools to utilize scientific reckoners as give support to increase pupils ‘ public presentation in computation topics ; mathematics, extra mathematics and accounting. As supported by Pomerantz ( 1997 ) , instructional session by the instructors and pupils ‘ public presentation in category can be increase if scientific reckoners are put in action in every phase of mathematics course of study.

Another new engineering that had been used in Malaysia ‘s instruction was e-book or electronic book. E-book is a digital signifier of many books ( Rao, 2003 ) and can being read through the screen of mini laptop ( The new Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 2001 ) . Harmonizing to Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman, who is the Chairman of the Education Committee, Higher Education, Science & A ; Technology and Human Resources Affairs, the individual who responsible generates the thought of utilizing e-book in instruction was Menteri Besar of Terengganu himself ; Dato ‘Ahmad Said. He had proposed his thought to Minister of Education Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, who is besides the Deputy Prime Minister.

Harmonizing to Menteri Besar Terengganu, Y.A.B. Dato ‘ Seri Haji Ahmad bin Said, e-books in Terengganu had been created to replace the printed text edition that had been used in primary school, in order to assist the students to diminish their burden of transporting heavy back pack mundane to school. Besides that, with the Internet entree capableness of e-book, this will increase students ‘ accomplishment and fix them to be working in k-economy epoch after they had finished their surveies someday ( Bernama Online, 2009 ) .

The execution of e-books in primary schools in Terengganu had been done because it implies with the demands of instruction and acquisition for both instructors and pupils at this modern epoch. This was claimed by McGuire, D. ( n.d. ) ;

“ At the beginning of the twenty-first century technological alteration has reached an astonishing gait. New methods of communicating, creative activity and transmittal of thoughts or plants aˆ¦ appear about day-to-day. Until late, the engineerings available to copy a work would non let a perfect transcript. A photocopy of a text edition is a hapless replacement for the original, a tape made from a record is ne’er every bit clear as one from the publishing house. Now digital engineerings allow for perfect ( or near-perfect ) copies-as many as are needed-to be transmitted around the universe ” .

Statement of Problem

E-book is one the new engineering that had been implemented in primary school in Terengganu in order to assist pupils to larn better and increase students ‘ public presentation in their instruction. It ‘s besides can develop students ‘ logical thought and have fun when serve Internet, besides increase their basic accomplishments in computing machine use. Besides that, their computing machine organisational public presentation besides will better if they use computing machine ( Davis, Bagozzi, and Warsaw, 1989 ) .

However, harmonizing to Al-Khaldi and Al-Jabri ( 1998 ) , even there were many research workers had investigated the effects of users ‘ attitude on their use of computing machines ( Hartwick and Barki, 1994 ; Robichaux, 1994 ; Swanson, 1987, 1974 ; Srinivasan, 1985 ; Desanctis, 1983 ; Ives, Olson, and Baroudi, 1983 ; Fuerst and Cheney, 1982 ; Ginzberg, 1981 ; Locus, 1975 ; Robey, 1979 ; Schultz and Steven, 1975 ) , the findings were assorted and inconclusive, which use assorted different steps of belief, attitude and satisfaction and sometimes without appropriate theoretical foundation. Davis et Al. ( 1989 ) ; Goodhue ( 1988 ) ; Robey ( 1979 ) as cited in Al-Khaldi and Al-Jabri ( 1998 ) claimed that this was happened because the direction information systems ( MIS ) have been worried to utilize the bing theories and theoretical accounts of societal psychological science literature in analyzing the relationship between attitude and computing machine use. Therefore, Thompson, Higgins, and Howell ( 1991 ) ; Davis, et Al. ( 1989 ) ; Robey ( 1979 ) ; Shultz and Slevin ( 1975 ) had been acquiring assorted and inconclusive empirical support for the hypothesis that users ‘ attitudes could impact their computing machine use.

However, in order to acquire all the benefits of utilizing e-book, the students must hold positive attitude in utilizing e-book ( Leong and Hawamdeh, 1999 ) . This is because, attitudes mostly affect the competence of utilizing computing machine ( Lawton and Gerschner, 1982 as cited in Al-Khaldi and Al-Jabri, 1998 ) . There were many constituents of attitude that had been identified before. For this research, the research worker had based on Computer Attitude Scale ( CAS ) develop by Loyd and Gressard ( 1984 ) . Harmonizing to thesis wrote by Al-Khaldi and Al-Jabri ( 1998 ) , there were four constituents of computing machine attitude in CAS, which were computing machine anxiousness, computing machine assurance, computing machine liking and computing machine utility which need to take note in order to assist students to hold to hold positive attitude in utilizing e-book for their acquisition.

In order to look into students ‘ attitude in utilizing e-book, the factors related to the usage of e-book besides of import to be known. There were many factors related to e-book or computing machine use. Harmonizing to Roesnita Ismail and A. N. Zainab ( 2007 ) , there were four factors of usage or non utilize e-book, which were engineering competences, cognitive, functional, and entree factors. While, harmonizing to Al- Khaldi and Al-Jabri ( 1998 ) , there were some factors could give impacts to pupils ‘ use of computing machine like computing machine handiness, computing machine experience and computing machine instruction.

Besides that, the instructors besides need to cognize their pupils, whether their pupils like to utilize e-book in their acquisition or non. This is of import in order to assist them to better their instruction manner with more originative in utilizing e-book so that the students will love in acquisition by utilizing e-book.

Therefore, the chief intent of this research is the research worker wants to look into the factors related to e-book use among primary students in primary schools in Terengganu. These factors will be recognize through the students ‘ attitude towards e-book use, whether they truly happy and like to utilize electronic text edition for their acquisition or they prefer to utilize printed text edition. These factors of e-book use besides could be caused by the characteristics of e-book, instructors and parents attitude of e-book use. The research worker besides wants to look into whether there are deductions and jobs in utilizing e-book or non.

Purpose of the Research

The intent of the research is to look into the effectivity of e-book execution in instruction and acquisition in primary schools in Terengganu. This effectivity will be look harmonizing to primary students ‘ attitudes toward the usage of e-book in their acquisition. In this research, the research worker wants to look into the factors related to e-book use and their relationship to the students ‘ attitude in e-book use. Besides that, the research worker besides wants to look into the cogency of instructors ‘ opinion of primary students ‘ attitudes in e-book use.

The students are Standard 4, 5 and 6 students from a few rural primary schools in Hulu Terengganu and besides a few urban schools primary schools in Kuala Terengganu. These two different countries of the schools had been chose in order to look into whether the issues go on harmonizing to factor of country or non.

Aims of the Research

To look into if there is any important relationship between factors related to e-book use and attitude towards the usage of e-book in larning among primary students in primary schools in Terengganu.

To look into the cogency of instructors ‘ opinion of primary students ‘ attitudes in utilizing e-book in acquisition.

Research Questions

What are the factors related to e-book use among primary students in primary schools in Terengganu.

What are the attitudes of primary students in Terengganu toward e-book in their acquisition?

Is there any important relationship between factors related to e-book use and attitude towards the usage of e-book in larning among primary students in primary schools in Terengganu?

What are the instructors ‘ perceptual experiences on primary students ‘ attitudes in utilizing e-book in acquisition?

How is the cogency of instructors ‘ opinion of primary students ‘ attitudes in utilizing e-book in acquisition?

Significance of the Study

This research will be done in order to look into the effectivity of e-book execution in instruction and acquisition in primary schools in Terengganu. This effectivity will be look harmonizing to primary students ‘ attitudes toward the usage of e-book in their acquisition. In this research, the research worker wants to look into the factors related to e-book use and their relationship to the students ‘ attitude in e-book use. Besides that, the research worker besides wants to look into the cogency of instructors ‘ opinion of primary students ‘ attitudes in e-book use.

From the consequences of the probe in this research, the factors that affect of e-book use among primary students in acquisition will be known. Therefore, all parties like instructors, parents and authorities will cognize that they have to make some betterment in order to assist students to hold positive attitude towards the usage of e-book and enhance students ‘ apprehension to the lesson. As instructors, they could maximise the usage of e-book and better their instruction manners that are suited in utilizing e-book and for primary pupils, which more originative in order to assist students to hold merriment and involvement to larn by utilizing e-book. The instructors can besides fix the challenge learning stuffs that ask students to believe out of box and enquiry in new things about the subjects, which needed for them to happen the replies and accounts from the Internet by utilizing their e-book. As parents, they can heighten their kids to love usage e-book in their acquisition by giving moral support, besides capture their involvement in utilizing e-book by give computing machine developing to their kids for those who are able to make so. For authorities particularly Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri Terengganu and Ministry of Education, with the consequences of this research, they could take note that some betterment should be done, particularly the physical and functional of e-book to be more interesting and suited for degree primary students, so that could assist the students to love acquisition by utilizing e-book.

Since there has no research had being done approximately e-book as text edition in primary schools in Terengganu, this research could be give image about the importance of developing positive attitude of e-book use among primary students. E-book is one of the modern engineerings that had been created in order to carry through students ‘ demands in acquisition at presents advance epoch. Therefore, like the prosperity of e-book use in larning in other states, the Malaysia authorities should besides implement this engineering in all schools in all provinces of Malaysia. The authorities can do the usage of e-book in primary schools in Terengganu as an illustration in order to better the contents of e-book to be more interesting, to assist instructors to hold better instruction manners with e-book and besides to assist parents aware of their kids in acquisition by utilizing e-book. These will assist the primary students to hold positive attitude towards the usage of e-book, which indirectly increase students ‘ involvement to larn the topics by utilizing e-book, and besides increase their consequences in trials and scrutinies.

Restrictions of the Research

The research will cover merely with handiness and utilizations of electronic book in primary school in Terengganu ; it did non try to analyze any other types or tools of engineering. The research is based on instance survey, which are Standard 4, 5 and 6 students from a few rural primary schools and a few urban primary schools in Terengganu. The consequences paint express in this research will merely applicable to pupils from that school. The questionnaires were self-administered in an uncontrolled scene, which is the truth of the consequences was wholly dependent upon the attention and truth of the respondents. Another restriction of this survey was sample size, which depend on population size.

Boundary lines of the Research

As in the instance with description informations, the consequences and findings of this research apply merely to the selected primary schools which will take part in this research. Additionally, in order to extinguish over-representation of the schools, the questionnaires will be distributed straight to the students of the schools. The students will be chose indiscriminately harmonizing to their Standards and their categories. While this will cut down the opportunity of having informations from students from non chosen schools, it besides meant that all inquiries will be answered merely from the students from selected schools.

The inquiries that deal with the usage of e-book in acquisition will be an issue. In reacting to these inquiries, the pupils will either answer base on his or her observations, or really run into with the instructors to find the appropriate responses. Finally, the inquiries within the questionnaire will non exhaustive and closed-response format will be used wherever possible. These inquiries doing coding for subsequently analysis much easier, but cut downing the diverseness of the replies.

Chapter TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

Introduction

Chapter 3

Methodology

Introduction

The methodological analysis that will be use in this research is quantitative. The quantitative information provided will feel of how most pupils respond to the given questionnaires. This provides primary students ‘ attitudes toward the usage of e-book in acquisition, the factors related to e-book use among primary students and instructors ‘ opinion of primary students ‘ attitudes in e-book use.

Research Design

The research is a descriptive research. This is because, the research will affect doing careful descriptions about the primary students ‘ attitudes in utilizing e-book in their acquisition, the factors related to e-book use among primary students and instructors ‘ opinion of primary students ‘ attitudes in e-book use. The type of the research will name study research because it provided a agency of garnering information that can depict both the nature and extent of a specified set of informations runing from runs and frequences to attitude and sentiments of utilizing e-book in schoolroom. The type of study is cross-sectional study, which will repair at one point in clip to supply a base mention for future surveies. The information will be collected from a sample that had been drawn from a preset population, which are Standard 4, 5 and 6 from a few primary schools in rural country and a few primary schools in urban country in Terengganu. Furthermore, the information was collected at merely one point in clip.

Population and Sample

The mark population for this research will be Standard 4, 5 and 6 from a few primary schools in rural country and a few primary schools in urban country in Terengganu. The sample size will be determine by utilizing expression originally developed by Raosoft, Inc ; Sample Size Calculator. The type of trying that will be usage is probability trying because each and every member in the population has an equal and a same opportunity of being selected. The sample will be selected by utilizing simple random sampling technique.

Data Collection

Instruments

The instruments that will be used in this research are questionnaires. The questionnaires will be developed harmonizing to the aims and the research inquiries in this survey. For the inquiries about the factors related to e-book use, the questionnaire will be adapted and modified from thesis by Meor Ahmad Shukri bin Zainal Abiddin ( 2006 ) titled “ The Study of E-book Usage in Teaching and Learning: Primary and Secondary School ” . Some inquiries will be adapted and modified from thesis by Muhammad A. Al-khaldi and Ibrahim M. Al-jabri ( n.d. ) titled “ The Effect of Attitudes on Computer Use: A New Evidence from A Developing State ” . The inquiries besides will be developed based on factors related to e-book use in thesis wrote by Roesnita Ismail and A.N. Zainab ( 2007 ) titled “ Factors Related to E-books Use amongst IT Students ” . The inquiries were aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

For the inquiries about the attitudes in utilizing e-book, the inquiries will be adapted and modified from Computer Attitude Scale by Loyd and Gressard ( 1984 ) . The questionnaires will utilize Likert-type force responses on a four point graduated table with 1=Strongly Disagree, 2=Disagree, 3=Agree, 4=Strongly Agree in order to mensurate the strength of primary students ‘ attitude towards the usage of e-book in acquisition.

Protocols

The questionnaires will be distributed by the research worker herself to the Standard 4, 5 and 6 students from a few primary schools in rural country and a few primary schools in urban country in Terengganu. The pupils will choose indiscriminately harmonizing to the figure of sample size of the survey. All selected students will be asked to finish the questionnaires and subject them on clip. This is because to do certain that all the questionnaires had been submitted by the students and to avoid the questionnaires from losing or misplaced.