Institutional Security and Violence Administration and leadership is the key to establishing and maintaining humane prisons by willing to carry out court mandated reforms. Disciplinary procedures are to provide for the fair and impartial determination and resolution of all disciplinary charges placed against inmates when they violate the rules, they may lose good time or be placed in segregation if the violation of the charges are serious enough.
The physical layout of the facility is to keep society out and to keep inmates in, for the safety of inmates and staff the areas with little to no clear view need to have cameras, facilities are outlined with fences to prevent any attempts to escape, alarms and other security detection systems installed around the facility (Redding, 2004). Inmates who are affiliated with gang activity are often moved or transferred to other state institutions; other types of strategies used have been separation and isolation of the gang leaders and segregation of confirmed gang members (Trulson, Marquart, & Kawuch, 2008).
This is usually conducted by the gang identification task force; every prison has an investigation unit that handles the gang identifications and takes pictures of affiliated tattoos, which identifies the gang name and their members. Grievance procedures are complaints and concerns from a prisoner to the administration in a formal way this is a method by which prisoners receives a written response, it does not undermine authorities, (Wallenstein, 1989).
Humane institutions are to provide safety for the inmates as well as the staff in which rehabilitation is possible, including the protection of the inmates from victimization within the institution. Screening and classification of inmates are classified according to the risks they pose to other prisoners, personnel and the community, than are placed in the proper institution with the custody and management needs of the inmates (Redding, 2004). Staff training and education is an opportunity to assist officers in becoming a more efficient and effective officer, training is ongoing in the fforts of keeping the officers informed of the day to day changes made in procedures by the administration. The use of force by officers is necessary to enforce the law or to protect themselves or others from harm, officers use only the amount of force necessary to accomplish control of the offender, there are two types of force type one which is a type of escort techniques such as the goose neck, this a technique that applies pain to the wrist but does not break or permanently damage the wrist, this is applied if an offender acts up while being escorted from one area to another.
Type two is used if the offender attacks or turns on the officer it consist of strikes and blows designed to stop an offender such as a stop kick or a palm blow to the forehead all of these uses of force are designed by professional hand to hand combat experts to provide officers ways of getting offenders to comply or for the officer to defend themselves without going over the use of force continuum, All use of force training is conducted by state or federally certified officers. References Redding, H. (2004).
The components of prison security. Retrieved from http://www. ifpo. org/articlebank/components_prison_security. html Trulson, C, Marquart, J, & Kawuch, S. (2008). Gang suppression and institutional control. Correctionsone. com, Retrieved from http://www. correctionsone. com/prison-gangs/articles/1842642-Gang-suppression-and-institutional-control/ Wallenstein, A M. (1989). Inmate grievence procedures. Jail operations bulletin, 1(11), Retrieved from http://www. ncjrs. gov/app/publications/abstract. aspx? ID=121048