Achieving Green Building Concept Environmental Sciences Essay

Harmonizing to Arnel ( 2012 ) , a green edifice focal points on increasing the efficiency of resource usage – energy, H2O, and stuffs, while cut downing constructing impact on human wellness and the environment during the edifice ‘s lifecycle, through better posing, design, building, operation, care, and remotion.

Before green edifice is introduced to the building industry, this industry has contributed some portion of harmful to the environment in term of the use of constructing stuff and besides the operation involve in building. This is supported by Batuwangala ( 2010 ) , said that during the last 30-40 old ages we have been feeling the acrimonious experience of planetary heating, ozone depletion, resource depletion, energy scarceness, ecological toxicity, human toxicity, acerb rains etc.

Malaysia is no exclusion in green constructing engineering in the building industry. The illustration of edifice which is applied the construct of green is the Diamond Building, G-Tower, Space U-8, and 11 Mont ‘ Kiara. Hwa ( 2009 ) reported that G-Tower and 11 Mont ‘ Kiara received a Green Mark Gold enfranchisement ( probationary ) Award and Green Mark Certified Award ( probationary ) severally from the Building and Construction Authority of Singapore.

Batuwangala ( 2010 ) , said that green edifice construct, in broader footings, involves a edifice, which is designed, built, operated, maintained or reused with aims to protect occupant wellness, better employee productiveness, usage sagely natural resources and cut down the environmental impact. There are five facets of green constructing construct that is need to be follow such as batch design, readying and development, resource efficiency, energy efficiency, H2O efficiency and indoor environmental quality.

Turcotte et Al. ( 2006 ) stated that the construct of batch design, readying and development is thoughtful and efficient site design and development patterns help decrease environmental impact and better the energy public presentation of new buildings. While resource efficiency is designs and utilizing resource efficient stuffs that can maximise map while optimising the usage of natural resources.

Following, energy efficiency such as a careful window choice, constructing envelope air sealing, canal waterproofing, proper arrangement of air and vapor barriers, usage of solar powered warming or chilling systems will lend towards an energy efficient edifice. In add-on, the construct of H2O efficient included implementing more efficient H2O bringing system indoors and native and H2O retaining and drouth immune landscape gardening choices out-of-doorss can help forestalling unneeded waste of valuable H2O resources ( Turcotte et al. , 2006 ) .

Last, in accomplishing indoor environmental quality, it is needed to educating proprietors with alternate environmental friendly merchandises or systems. The advantages of using green edifice construct in building are possible higher tenancy rates, higher future capital value, reduced hazard of obsolescence, less demand for renovation in the hereafter, ability to command higher rental rates, higher demand from institutional investors lower operating costs, mandatary for authorities renters, lower renter turnover, costs less to keep and run, heighten occupant comfort and wellness, improve quality of life, enhance and protect biodiversity and ecosystems and cut down waste watercourses ( Turcotte et al. , 2006 ) .

Turcotte et Al. ( 2006 ) stated that it is a timely necessity to educate the belongings developers, the prospective proprietors and the professionals in the building industry on sustainable building. The green edifice engineering and constructs for building industries is proven to be relevant and applicable analogue to the degree of progress in engineering presents.

Problems Statement

Nowadays, our Earths are exposed to many unpleasant consequence and impact towards environment and have deficient natural energy to be consumed by the consumers now and for the following coevals. Therefore, many freshly engineering are been introduced to minimise the job same goes to the building industry.

The green edifices are one of the solutions to get the better of the issues. This was supported by Li ( 2011 ) , when the building industry is awfully unkind to the planet, it depletes natural stuffs, guzzles energy, and leaves behind waste and nursery gases.

The application of green edifices is to cut down the nowadays of planetary nursery gases. This has proven when Li ( 2011, c.f. Jallendran 2011 ) , says that ordinary edifices consume up to a 3rd of the universe ‘s resources, emit 40 % of planetary nursery gases, use up 12 % of its fresh water, and bring forth 40 % of its solid waste.

While, in the other manus, the ordinary edifice can non salvage energy ingestion compared to green edifice. Harmonizing to Yoon ( 2007 ) , more than one fifth of present energy ingestion and up to 45 million metric tons of C dioxide per twelvemonth could be saved by 2010, provided appropriate actions are taken during the lifetime of edifices. This will assist extenuate the impacts of planetary heating.

To accomplish improved energy efficiency in edifices, there was no demand to utilize advanced and expensive hi-tech solutions, but simple attacks such as smart design and flexible energy solutions ( Yoon, 2007 ) .The ordinary edifice are non plenty salvage in term of effluent. They take in H2O, use it and extinguish it, like all workss and animate beings. In urban countries, a metropolis normally provides the supply and manages the effluent, so most edifices are non precisely self-sufficing ( Yoon, 2007 ) . Therefore, it is efficient to pattern green constructing construct in Malayan building industry as it gives a batch of advantages in order to salvage our Earth.

Purposes and Aims

The purpose of this research is to analyze the application of green constructing construct in high rise edifice in Malaysia. In order to accomplish this purpose the undermentioned aims were identified:

To find component of green edifice applied at green edifice in Malaysia.

To place the effectivity of green constructing constructs implemented for high rise edifice in Malaysia.

To place the green edifice component that is suited for high rise edifice in Malaysia.

Scope and Limitation of Study

This survey is related to the green edifice of building sector in Malaysia and how to accomplish green edifice for high rise edifice in the building country in Klang Valley, Selangor. This is because, there are many high rise edifice undertakings in Klang Valley compared with other topographic points in Malaysia as harmonizing to Hwa ( 2009 ) .

To beef up this survey, contractors G7 around Klang Valley will be targeted as the respondent. These contractors will take part in the aggregation of information necessary for those who are more adept about green edifice and high rise edifice.

Methodology

The research ‘s purpose is to analyze the application of green constructing construct in high rise edifice. In order to develop this research, the construct of green edifice should be studied first and it ‘s followed by the survey of advantages of utilizing green constructing construct in high rise edifice and besides application of green constructing construct in high rise edifice.

Therefore, the research methodological analysis was derived with purpose to carry through the research aims and eventually the research purpose. The information and information aggregation are based on the qualitative method. Data will be collected utilizing primary and secondary informations. The primary information is collected by interview. There will be a group of contractors and designers that are sing in green edifice undertaking to be the respondent for this research.

This research will merely carry on in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur as this country have many high rise edifice.

Significance / Applied Value of The Study

The research is done to admit consumer about the construct of green edifice and its advantages. This research besides expected to stand for the importance of green constructing construct in bettering the quality of human life. These green edifice constructs can stabilise the ecosystem at local and planetary degrees. This can be achieved by using theoretical constructs that have been discussed in many literatures into pattern in existent undertaking. This research can exposed on understanding that a green edifice focal points on increasing the efficiency of resource usage such as energy, H2O, and stuffs. The result of this research is to present the efficient engineering in constructing building industry.

Methodology

Datas analysis

Problems Statement and Aims

Developing Problem Statement, Aims and Objectives of the research

To find component of green edifice applied at green edifice in Malaysia.

To place green constructing component that is suited for high rise edifice.

Methodology

Literatures

Interview

Decision

Recommendation

To place the effectivity of green constructing constructs implemented for high rise edifice in Malaysia.

Figure 1.1: Diagram of the Research Methodology Approach

Research Structure

This research is divided into five chapters and each can be by and large summarized as below:

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 1 includes an debut and background of the green edifice in the building industry. It besides consist of clarify the jobs statement, aims, and range of survey.

Chapter 2: The Introduction of Green Building in Malaysia

This chapter is an debut of green edifice system that applied in Malaysia to acquire evaluation from Green Building Index ( GBI ) .

Chapter 3: Research Methodology

In this chapter, depict the study methods to analyze the job. Where, it includes the methods used to obtain information related to the subject of the survey is made.

Chapter 4: Datas Analysis

This chapter consists of the reading and analysis of the consequences obtained from the interviews.

Chapter 5: Decision

This chapter includes the survey harmonizing to the aims that have clarified in chapter one. It besides states the general decision and gives remark and suggestion about the survey.

Chapter 2

LITERATURE STUDY

2.1 Introduction

In this chapter, the construct of green edifice will be discussed in inside informations. An of import construct in nearing this thesis is specifying a green edifice. Harmonizing to Karolides ( 2002 ) , green edifice is a manner of heightening the environment. It benefits worlds, the community, the environment, and a builder ‘s bottom line. It is about orienting a edifice and its site to the to local clime, site conditions, civilization and community, in order to cut down resource ingestion while heightening quality of life. Arnel ( 2012 ) said that a green edifice focal points on increasing the efficiency of resource usage such as energy, H2O, and stuffs, while cut downing constructing impact on human wellness and the environment during the edifice ‘s lifecycle, through better posing, design, building, operation, care, and remotion. Green edifices should be designed and operated to cut down the overall impact of the built environment on its milieus.

The subject of this thesis is High Rise Building in Achieving Green Building Concepts. Today, the high rise edifice seen as a mechanism to bring forth wealth in an urban state. The ground why high rise edifices are constructed mostly is because they can make a batch of existent estate out of a reasonably little piece of land. Mansor ( 2011 ) says, the two chief grounds people go for skyscrapers are either absolute necessity or to picture power and glorification. And both are justifiable.

There are many definition of high rise edifice was created today. Hall ( 2011 ) defines a high rise edifice as a edifice more than 75 pess ( 23 metres ) in tallness, measured from the lowest degree of fire section vehicle entree to the floor of the highest occupiable narrative. A tallness of 75 pess translates into approximately seven narratives.

High rise edifices have become a fixture on the urban landscape, increasing population of metropoliss and matching additions in denseness. With the application of green edifice at high rise edifice, it will assist the people lives comfortably. This is supported by Korman ( 2009 ) , said that constructing tall, green edifice is a smart manner to restrict the spread of urban conurbations while suiting important population growing. The bottom line to this thought begins with instruction, which is within the kingdom of legislators in advancing and honoring sustainable assorted usage smart growing design.

With the adaptation of green edifice at high rise edifice, it will assist to cut down energy ingestion, energy cost, extinguishing storm H2O overflow and possible pollution into neighboring belongingss. Nilles ( 2012 ) , said that sustainable green design is a holistic attack to environmentally sensitive edifices, which includes energy nest eggs, reclaimable stuffs, site choice, natural visible radiation, indoor air quality, and plumbing and H2O quality.

2.2 Green Building Concept

Green edifice construct is involves a edifice, which is designed, built, operated, maintained or reused to protect occupant wellness, better employee productiveness, usage sagely natural resources and cut down the environmental impact. Batuwangala ( 2010 ) , said that green constructing construct incorporates environmental considerations into every phase of the edifice building. This procedure focuses on the design, building, operation and care stages and takes into history the batch design and development efficiency, energy and H2O efficiency, resource efficiency, indoor environmental quality, building-owner care and the edifice ‘s overall impact on the environment.

Concept of green edifices aid to keep and continue the environment for maximizes. Harmonizing to Malarthamil ( 2009 ) , by preferring green edifice over a conventional edifice aid this planet Earth and the people to retain nature to a maximal extent possible in three ways with mention to the location of the edifices.

Retain the external environment at the location of the edifice.

Improve internal environment for the residents.

Continue the environment at topographic points far off from the edifice.

2.2.1 Retain the external environment at the location of the edifice

A multi-storied office composite to suit 1000s of officers and staff, it requires a huge country. Therefore choice of a site for such a edifice composite should see keeping of local flora, wild life, natural H2O classs etc. Either a site with bio diverseness should be avoided or the edifice should be planned to cut down site perturbation ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Concept of Green Buildings

Figure 2.1: Concept cross subdivision of a green edifice ( Malarthamil, 2009 )

Land: The landscape gardening and the exterior design in a green edifice shall be in such a manner that there is more shaded country, the light trespass is eliminated and local species of workss are grown ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Water: The green edifice by its design and form shall non interrupt the natural H2O flows, it should point and stands merely like a tree. Rain falling over the whole country of the complex shall be harvested in full either to refill the land H2O tabular array in and around the edifice or to be utilized in the services of the edifice. The lavatories shall be fitted with low flesh fixtures. The plumbing system should hold separate lines for imbibing and flushing. Grey H2O from kitchenette, bath and laundry shall be treated and reused for horticulture or in chilling towers of air conditioning. Green places frequently focus on conserving H2O both indoor and out ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) . Harmonizing to Batuwangala ( 2010 ) , implementing more efficient H2O bringing system indoors and native and H2O retaining and drouth immune landscape gardening choices out-of-doorss can help forestalling unneeded waste of valuable H2O resources. For an illustration usage of heavy and light H2O cupboard flushing options will assist conserving H2O used indoor.

Energy: The solar energy at the top of a green edifice is harvested to supplement the conventional energy. The natural visible radiation is harvested in the intermediate floors to minimise the use of electricity. Sunlight is restricted by the high grown trees outside the lower floors of the edifice. High efficiency light fixtures make a pleasant illuming apart from salvaging the energy. High-efficiency Windowss and insularity in walls, ceilings, and floors are used for the benefit of better temperature control ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) . Harmonizing to Batuwangala ( 2010 ) , said that the energy efficiency is weighted to a great extent in most green edifice plans. A whole system attack will convey improved consequences. Further, a careful window choice, constructing envelope air sealing, canal waterproofing, proper arrangement of air and vapor barriers, usage of solar powered heating/cooling systems will lend towards an energy efficient edifice.

2.2.2 Improve internal environment for the residents

Light: In a designed green constructing the residents shall experience as if they are in out-of-door location. The inside and exterior designs shall travel manus in manus by intermixing the natural and unreal lighting and showing crystalline positions wherever possible ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Air: In the air conditioned environment, a green edifice shall be specially equipped to guarantee the Indoor Air Quality for a healthy ambiance. Even the nasal feelings shall be pleasant free from the smell of pigments and trappingss ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

A comfy ambiance at work Stationss improve the attending of the staff and increase the productiveness ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Concept of Green Buildings

Figure 2.2: Model lift of another green edifice ( Malarthamil, 2009 )

2.2.3 Preserve the environment at topographic points far off from the edifice

A edifice is constructed utilizing cement, sand, steel, rocks, bricks, and a batch of completing stuffs. These stuffs are quarried or procured from far off from the location of the edifices. Building stuffs are responsible for about 20 per cent of the nursery gasses emitted by a edifice during its life-time ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Green edifices shall utilize the merchandises that are non-toxic, reclaimable, renewable, or reclaimable wherever possible. Locally manufactured merchandises are preferred so that the corporate stuff environment of the vicinity remains a changeless and moreover the fuel for the conveyance of stuffs is saved ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Green wood: Hemp fibers and biodegradable plastic when pressed together and het signifier beds and this stuff are every bit strong as wood. When buried in land fill, it degrades faster. This wood creates more natural stuffs when it breaks down. Microbes produce methane gas when they decompose this wood replacement and other dust thrown into landfills. Another type of bacteriums absorbs this gas and turns it into plastic that can be used to make a new wooden board. By this rhythm, there is a uninterrupted beginning of natural stuff for this wood. When this stuff at research comes to market, it may assist to command deforestation and advance the rainfall ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Green Cement: The method sequesters carbon di oxide from power works flukes and blend the gas with sea H2O to bring forth the mineral natural stuffs of concrete. For every ton of green cement Calera manufactures half a ton of fly ash from coal workss is used apart from forestalling production and emanation of C di oxide ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

Other green constructing stuffs: Renewable works stuffs like bamboo ( because bamboo grows rapidly ) and straw, lumber from woods ecology blocks, dimension rock. Recycled rock, recycled metal are some of the other stuffs used in a green edifice ( Malarthamil, 2009 ) .

2.3 Green Building Criteria

To accomplish a degree of certified green edifices, an appraisal has been created. This appraisal is a guideline for the building of a green edifice. Vierra ( 2011 ) , said that edifices have extended direct and indirect impacts on the environment. During the building, edifices use energy, H2O, and natural stuffs, generate waste, and emit potentially harmful atmospheric emanations. These facts have prompted the creative activity of green edifice criterions, enfranchisements, and evaluation systems aimed at extenuating the impact of edifices on the natural environment through sustainable design.

These appraisals have some difference from each other harmonizing to the clime and the suitableness of the topographic point. In Malaysia, Green Building Index ( GBI ) was used to do the appraisal. This appraisal is used for green constructing standards in Malaysia. Harmonizing to Arkam ( 2009 ) , among the well-known evaluation systems is:

Appraisal

State

Green Building Index ( GBI )

Malaya

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method ( BREEAM )

United Kingdom

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ( LEED )

United States of America

Building Environment Performance Assessment Criteria ( BEPAC )

Canada

Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency ( CASBEE )

Japan

Life Cycle Assessment/Life rhythm Cost ( LCA/LCC )

Hong Kong

Green Building Evaluation System ( EEWH )

Taiwan

Green Star

Australia/New Zealand

Green Mark

Singapore

Table 2.1: Green constructing appraisal by state

( Beginning: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.slideshare.net/arkam_slideshare/green-building-sustainability # btnNext )

2.3.1 Green Building Index ( GBI )

Malaysia is one of the tropical states in Southeast Asia part excessively busy traveling towards green development. After several surveies in assorted green edifice evaluation strategies around the universe, in the month of April 2009, Malaysia has built an appraisal strategy to accommodate the local market. It is known as Green Building Index ( GBI ) . This is supported by Mun ( 2009 ) , said that the Green Building Index Malaysia ( GBI Malaysia ) was introduced on January 3, 2009 at the Green Design Forum held at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre and officially launched in April 2009.

Harmonizing to Leng ( 2009 ) , Green Building Index is a evaluation system developed by Pertubuhan Akitek Malaysia and the Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia, which aims to educate designers, interior decorators, applied scientists and the populace on edifice sustainable constructions. The evaluation system provides an chance for developers to plan and build green, sustainable edifices. These constructions save on energy and H2O, harmonise with its environing environment and usage resources expeditiously.

Degree centigrades: UsersDellDesktopUntitled.png

Figyre 2.3: Logo of Green Building Index

( Beginning: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.greenbuildingindex.org/ )

2.3.2 Aims of the Green Building Index

Govind ( 2012 ) noted that the aim of Green Building Index that it has been developed maintaining in head the tropical Malayan clime, environmental and developmental context, and cultural and societal demands. It has been created to:

Define green edifices by set uping a common linguistic communication and criterion of measuring

Promote integrated, whole-building designs that provide a better environment for all

Recognise and wages environmental leading

Transform the reinforced environment to cut down its negative environmental impact

Ensure that new edifices are sustainable and existing edifices are refurbished and upgraded to better the overall quality of constructing stock.

2.3.3 Green Building Index Rating System

Harmonizing to Govind ( 2012 ) , stated that edifices will be awarded the Green Building Index evaluation based on six cardinal standards that is:

Energy Efficiency ( EE )

Improve energy ingestion by optimizing edifice orientation, minimising solar heat addition through the edifice envelope, reaping natural lighting, following the best patterns in edifice services including usage of renewable energy, and guaranting proper testing, commissioning and regular care.

Indoor Environment Quality ( EQ )

Achieve good indoor air quality, acoustics, ocular and thermic comfort. These will affect the usage of low volatile organic compound stuffs, application of quality air filtration, proper control of air temperature, motion and humidness.

Sustainable Site Planning & A ; Management ( SM )

Choosing appropriate sites with planned entree to public transit, community services, unfastened infinites and landscape gardening. Avoiding and conserving environmentally sensitive countries through the renovation of bing sites and brown Fieldss. Implementing proper building direction, ramp H2O direction and cut downing the strain on bing substructure capacity.

Materials & A ; Resources ( MR )

Promote the usage of environment-friendly stuffs sourced from sustainable beginnings and recycling. Implement proper building waste direction with storage, aggregation and re-use of recyclables and building formwork and waste.

Water Efficiency ( WE )

Rainwater harvest home, H2O recycling and water-saving adjustments.

Invention ( IN )

Advanced design and enterprises that meet the aims of the Green Building Index.

2.3.4 Green Building Index Rating Tools

Green Building Index evaluation tools are evaluates non-residential and residential edifices. Non-residential edifices are includes commercial, institutional and industrial such as mills, offices, infirmaries, universities, colleges, hotels and shopping composites. While, residential edifices are includes linked houses, flats, condominiums, townhouses, semi-detached and cottages.

Harmonizing to Leng ( 2009 ) , the Green Building Index non-residential evaluation tool consist of the six standards that make up the Green Building Index evaluation, accent is placed on energy efficiency and indoor environmental quality as these have the greatest impact in the countries of energy usage and wellbeing of the residents and users of the edifice. By bettering on the efficiency of active ( mechanical and electrical ) systems every bit good as integrating good inactive designs together with proper sustainable care governments, important decreases in consumed energy can be realised. This can take to a reduced C footmark and besides offers long-run nest eggs for the edifice proprietors.

For residential edifices, this tool places more accent on sustainable site planning & A ; direction, followed by energy efficiency. This serves to promote developers and place proprietors to see the environmental quality of places and their dwellers through better site choice, commissariats of public conveyance entree, increased community services and connectivity, every bit good as improved substructure. Such accomplishment will assist cut down the negative impact to the environment and make a better and safer topographic point for occupants and the community as a whole ( Leng, 2009 ) .

The chart below shows Green Building Index points harmonizing by the six standards of green constructing for non-residential and residential edifices:

Points NR

Figure 2.4: Green Building Index allotment chart for non-residential edifices ( Leng, 2009 )

Points Roentgen

Figure 2.5: Green Building Index allotment chart for residential edifices ( Leng, 2009 )

2.3.5 Green Building Index Rating Classification

Entire mark at Green Building Index evaluation tools will be find the categorization of the edifices. Mun ( 2009 ) , stated that accomplishing points in these targeted countries will intend that the edifice will probably be more environment-friendly than those that do non turn to the issues. Under the Green Building Index appraisal model, points will besides be awarded for accomplishing and integrating environment-friendly characteristics which are above current industry pattern.

The assessment procedure involves an appraisal at design phase taking to the award of the probationary GBI evaluation. Final award is given one twelvemonth after the edifice gets Completion and Verification Assessment ( CVA ) . Buildings will besides hold to be re-assessed every three old ages in order to keep their GBI evaluation to guarantee that edifices are well-maintained. Buildings are awarded Green Building Index Malaysia that is, Platinum, Gold, Silver or Certified evaluations depending on the tonss achieved ( Mun, 2009 ) .

Points

GREEN BUILDING INDEX RATING

86+ points

Platinum

76 to 85 points

Gold

66 to 75 points

Silver

50 to 65 points

Certified

Table 2.2: Green Building Index Classification

( Beginning: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.greenbuildingindex.org/ )

2.4 Advantages of Green Building

Clearly, a green edifice helps in protecting natural resources. But when painstaking, green edifices offer more benefits than merely salvaging the Earth. Some of the green edifice ‘s advantages is:

2.4.1 Capital Cost Savingss

Optimizing edifice environmental systems to interact synergistically can take to significant nest eggs in capital costs. For illustration, downsizing HVAC systems through energy efficient design non merely produces nest eggs in ductwork, but by cut downing the demand for bulky mechanical equipment, more floor infinite can be made available for renting ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.2 Enhanced Value

Green edifices have an enhanced ability to lease or sell infinite based on their superior indoor environment. It should be noted that this has non been financially proven in states like Australia due to the fact that most green edifices have non been tenanted for more than a twelvemonth, every bit good as the issue of the industry being untalkative to sharing station tenancy reappraisals ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.3 Compressed Agenda

An integrated squad attack to plan ( as required when utilizing LEED ) consequences in fewer design struggles and subsequent alteration orders. American surveies have shown that undertakings are routinely coming in on clip and in front of agenda ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.4 Improved Marketability

Constructing green creates a distinguishable merchandise in the market place, which can be integrated with a corporate image and used to market the belongings to pull and retain employees. Certification strategies such as LEED in the US are utile selling tools since they help verify and confirm green claims ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.5 Improved Public Profile and Community Relations

Constructing green demonstrates environmental duty. For illustration, in the US, this improved image has shown to hold accelerated the blessing procedure when covering with districting petitions and environmental appraisals ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.6 Promotion

Green edifices can bring forth media involvement and promotion. The increased selling potency of a superior edifice can recapture the extra capital cost associated with a green edifice through faster leasing and decreased costs for promotional advertisement ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.7 Operational Cost Salvaging

Reduced lighting tonss, high efficiency contraptions, increased insularity, inactive solar warming, inactive airing, H2O preservation steps and commissioning that uncovers and corrects inefficiencies all lead to nest eggs in operational costs. These cost nest eggs can be used to market the undertaking to prospective clients and renters ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.8 Reduce Liability Risk

The insurance industry is going progressively cognizant of cases associated with edifice illness and other indoor air quality issues, ensuing in lifting insurance costs and mould exclusion clauses. Some industry experts are foretelling that insurance companies will get down associating lower premiums to green edifices ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.9 Feature Proofing

Green edifices use less H2O and energy than conventional edifices, thereby supplying a buffer against future additions in H2O and energy services costs and protecting against services deficits, another benefit that can be marketed to clients ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.4.10 Higher Building Evaluations

Reducing operating costs, capturing rental premiums and constructing more competitory, future proofed undertakings, supply a footing for higher ratings ( Jallendran, 2009 ) .

2.5 Green Buildings in Malaya

In Malaysia, there are a batch of green edifices that have been recognized by many parties. This proves that green edifices in Malaysia are able to cut down operating costs and energy ingestion every bit good as to do green edifices as a theoretical account to other edifices in Malaysia. The undermentioned below is a green edifice available in Malaya:

2.5.1 G Tower Building

GTOWER FIRST GREEN BUILDING CERTIFIED IN MALAYSIA

Picture 2.1: G Tower Building ( Sani, 2010 )

The 30 floor G Tower is the first green edifice in Malaysia. The edifice is located at Jalan Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur and merely a few 100 metres from the KLCC Park. G Tower consists of offices, hotel and nine installations.

Sani ( 2010 ) noted that G Tower had been awarded Green Mark Gold enfranchisement provisionally by the Singapore Government ‘s Building and Construction Authority ( BCA ) . G Tower besides has incorporated Green Building Technologies ( GBTs ) to accomplish green edifices awarded. G Tower has been built to Multimedia Super Corridor ( MSC ) specifications. The edifice is supported by a dedicated information Centre with 24 hours proficient support. Other intelligent characteristics include high security CCTV cameras, RFID card entree, state-of-the-art Visitor Management System, IP telephone and IP-based Facilities Management. G Tower offer 25 per cent save energy and give a healthy environment for the tower occupants.

Lisby ( 2010 ) , said that green edifice characteristics that includes in G Tower is energy efficiency such as use of low electrical power lighting system, H2O efficiency such as rainwater reaping to H2O workss in the edifice, indoor environmental quality and environmental direction, green seting such as green roof and green walls throughout the edifice to better air quality, energy efficient chilled H2O air-con centralized air conditioning, and low-E dual glazed Windowss for lower heat transmittal.

2.5.2 Diamond Building

Degree centigrades: UsersDellDesktopUntitled.png

Picture 2.2: Diamond Building ( Jong, 2011 )

Suruhanjaya Tenaga ‘s green central office, Diamond Building is located at Precint 2, Putrajaya. The building cost of a Diamond Building is RM64.6 million over three old ages. Diamond Building is awarded Green Building Index Pt evaluation and Green Mark Pt evaluation. This is supported by Jong ( 2011 ) , said that the Diamond Building is the first office edifice in Malaysia to obtain the Green Building Index Pt evaluation, and the first exterior of Singapore to obtain the Green Mark Pt evaluation.

Hamid ( 2012 ) , noted that the characteristics of Diamond Building is daylight use from the frontage and atrium, control of daytime and blaze, edifice integrated photovoltaic panel, variable Speed drivers on pumps and fans, heat convalescence on exhaust air with desiccant heat wheel, high efficiency AHU fan, big canal and pipe sizes, rainwater aggregation for irrigation, fresh air recess control harmonizing to CO2 degree in edifice, double low energy glazing, glazing with incorporate blinds, airtight edifice, high thermic insularity in walls and roofs, energy direction system with extended sub-metering.

2.5.3 Green Energy Office ( GEO )

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.undp.org.my/files/editor_files/images/BIPV % 20- % 20website.jpg

Picture 2.3: Green Energy Office Building ( Hamid, 2012 )

Pusat Tenaga Malaysia ( Malaysia Energy Centre ) , antecedently known as ZEO ( Zero Energy Office ) Building is officially Malaysia ‘s first Green Building Index ( GBI ) Certified Building. Now known as GEO ( Green Energy Office ) Building, it is besides Malaysia ‘s first completed green-rated office edifice. Green Energy Office edifice sited on a 5-acre site in Seksyen 9, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor.

Harmonizing to Hamid ( 2012 ) , the green edifice characteristics at Green Energy Office is twenty-four hours illuming about 100 % , energy efficiency illuming and task visible radiations, energy efficiency office equipment, energy efficiency waiter room, floor slab chilling, energy efficiency airing, controls and detectors, dual glazing and insularity.

2.5.4 Space u8

hypertext transfer protocol: //4.bp.blogspot.com/-erP96IZYi2U/T_oxLFDhRNI/AAAAAAAAFOY/m77rVponUyo/s1600/space+u8.jpg

Picture 2.4: Space u8 ( Jong, 2011 )

A four floor eco-friendly commercialA composite, A Space u8 is a commercial development located within Bukit Jelutong, Shah Alam, Selangor built on a intercrossed construct of double frontage, having store offices on the outer frontage with an interior frontage of a retail mercantile establishment.

During building, about 220,000 pieces of used Surs has been installed within the foundation of the infinite u8 premises. The intent is to make a heat sink that drains heat from the wall, therefore doing the edifice interior ice chest and understating air-conditioning demands. To maximize this characteristic farther, infinite u8 besides uses celica bricks that can absorb heat and impart down into the heat sink, within its foundation ( Jong, 2011 ) .

Furthermore, infinite u8 uses tonss of H2O characteristics, such as H2O fountain and H2O drapes within the complex as to antagonize the heat generated by sun beams. Super big ceiling fans are besides installed inside the complex to supply a windy and airy environment. On top of that, the air circulation within the composite is besides enhanced by the installings of legion fumes fans that exhaust hot air out from the edifice ( Jong, 2011 ) .

Other green characteristics that are available in infinite u8 are the installing of sky visible radiation ( the longest installing in Malaysia, at about 70 metres in length ) that enables more sun visible radiation to perforate, therefore cut downing the usage of lightings, H2O reaping system and besides the installing of solar panels on top of the roof of the composite as an alternate beginning for H2O and power ( Jong, 2011 ) .

Decision

An efficient green edifice can take to decreased operating costs by increased productiveness through decreased H2O and energy ingestion. In add-on, green edifices besides increase the comfort and wellness of the users of the edifice because this construct improves the air quality in the edifice and outside the edifice.

Although there are some disadvantages, but the construct of green edifice is multiplied more good when compared with the disadvantages. For illustration, the usage of green edifice requires the usage of advanced engineerings that require particular order. Indirectly, the engineering can be improved in the building industry provider competition machine that creates a assortment of progressively sophisticated machines.

In this, the usage of green constructing constructs can cut down environmental impact, for case by cut downing air pollution and the nursery consequence. Those who adopt green edifice frequently looking for to accomplish non merely how good ecology, but besides the aesthetic relationship between the construction and the environment, both natural and edifices. In this theoretical survey, it can be concluded that the construct of green edifice is to be practiced around the universe to turn to pollution jobs on the rise.